UPSC Preparation Guide: Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Notification and Old Exams

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Examination is a procedure for recruitment to higher Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service. Conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), it is held every year in 22 languages of India.

What is IAS Exam

IAS exam is an annual test. IAS exam (officially called”the Civil Services Examination) is run through the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) each year. Official UPSC Notification for the IAS Exam 2022 is out on February 2, 2022. Click here for more information.

  • 861 UPSC The vacancies for 861 UPSC have been made public in 2022 IAS announcement. See the article linked for further details.
  • You can download UPSC Principals 2021 Questions Papers after the exam was completed on January 16th, 2022.
  • IAS The 2020 final results have been released. Shubham Kumar is the IAS Topper 2020. Download the top 10 results in the link.
  • IAS Prelims Exam 2021 Result Out on 29th October 2021.
  • IAS Exam Schedule 2022 is out with the dates that are IAS Prelims & Mains 2022.

Candidates who pass all three levels of the IAS examination are admitted to the most prestigious civil services in the country. They can be officials of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) as well as a myriad various other service. While it is regarded as one of the most difficult tests in the nation If you follow the correct strategy and method the aspirant is able to pass the IAS exam in their first try. It is crucial for candidates to understand and be aware of the requirements for the IAS exam in 2022, such as the UPSC syllabus for the IAS Exam (Prelims and Mains) and the exam pattern, eligibility criteria as well as the application process and crucial details prior to starting the preparations. This article will provide all relevant UPSC Exam details for aspirants looking to get into in the IAS Exam.

IAS Exam Date

IAS Exam Conducting BodyUPSC
Mode of IAS examOffline
Number of times conductedOnce every year
Prescribed age limit21 – 32 years (upper age relaxation for reserved candidates)
IAS Exam – Prelims 2022Sunday – 5th June, 2022 (Prelims 2021 was on 10th October 2021)
IAS Exam – Mains 202216th September 2022 onwards (exams for five days)(Mains 2021 took place between 7th and 16th January 2022)
BYJU’S IAS Tablet CoursePrepare for IAS, anytime, anywhere at your own pace!
IAS Exam PatternPrelims (MCQs), Mains (Descriptive papers)

Visit the UPSC Examination Date page for details regarding Prelims, Mains, and Interview dates.

It is the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is one of the twenty odd jobs for which applicants are selected by the UPSC through it’s Civil Services Exam. The CSE exam is often called the UPSC IAS exam too.

You can look up on the IAS Exam Calendar 2022 for more details in the link:

At present, the UPSC 2021 program is in progress. For the most current information follow the links below:

  • IAS Interview
  • UPSC Marksheet
  • UPSC Cut Off

To get free study materials and the most up-to-date news regarding IAS Exam 2022, you can visit the page for UPSC 2022. page.

IAS Exam Pattern

IAS Exam pattern is: IAS Exam pattern is:

  1. Stage I: Preliminary Examination (IAS Prelims)
  2. Stage II: Mains Examination (IAS Mains)
  3. Stage III: UPSC Personality Test (IAS Interview)

Stage I: IAS Exam – UPSC Prelims

Sl. No.Name of the PaperNature of the PaperDuration of the ExamQuestionsMarks
1IAS Exam Paper – I: General StudiesMerit Ranking Nature2 Hours100200 Marks
2IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)Qualifying Nature2 Hours80200 Marks


  • The questions that are part of IAS Exam (Prelims) are of objective type. IAS Exam (Prelims) are of the objective type , or Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Negative marking is permitted within the IAS Exam for each incorrect answer, but only during the prelims phase. Negative markings for wrong answers will be 1/3rd (0.66) of the marks allotted to that question.
  • It is the GS Paper II (CSAT) in the IAS exam is of a qualifying nature. Candidates need to have a minimum score of 33 percent in the paper in order to be able to pass to the next level in IAS exam. IAS test i.e. the Mains.
  • Blind candidates get an additional 20 minutes for each exam during the IAS Exam (Prelims).
  • It is compulsory for candidates to take both papers of the civil service prelims exam to be able to take the test.
  • The marks obtained by candidates taking the preliminary test will not be counted in an overall score. It’s merely an exam to determine if candidates not scoring the cut-off mark are dismissed.

Aspirants can access the compilation of Topic-Wise UPSC Prelims questions (2013-2020) in the article linked and get ready for the prelims exam.

Stage II: IAS Exam – UPSC Mains

The second part in The second phase of the IAS Exam is called the Mains Exam, which is an examination that is written and consists of 9 different exams. The 9 questions included in the IAS Exam (Mains) are according to the following Paper A (Compulsory Indian Language); Paper B (English) which are all qualifying in nature. The other papers, such as Essay, General Studies Papers I II III, and IV along with Optional Papers I and II are considered to determine the final scoring.


Sl. No.IAS Exam PaperName of the PaperNature of the PaperDuration of the ExamMarks
1Paper – ACompulsory Indian LanguageQUALIFYING NATURE3 Hours300 Marks
2Paper – BEnglish3 Hours300 Marks
4Paper – IIGeneral Studies I3 Hours250 Marks
5Paper – IIIGeneral Studies II3 Hours250 Marks
6Paper – IVGeneral Studies III3 Hours250 Marks
7Paper – VGeneral Studies IV3 Hours250 Marks
8Paper – VIOptional Paper I3 Hours250 Marks
9Paper – VIIOptional Paper II3 Hours250 Marks
TOTAL1750 Marks
 Interview or Personality Test275 Marks
 GRAND TOTAL2025 Marks



  • Candidates are able to choose their language of choice for during the UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains Exam in Hindi as well English and any other one of those languages that is listed within the eighth Schedule in the Indian Constitution.
  • It is important to note that the Indian Languages included in the IAS test are as per languages on the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • Candidates who score higher than the cut-off mark during the IAS exam (Mains) will receive summons to take the Personality Test (last stage of the IAS test).
  • The final rank of candidates is determined on the basis of the marks they scored them during the Main Examination and Personality Test/Interview Round of the IAS examination.

For a complete IAS syllabus for the mains and prelims go to IAS Exam syllabus 2022.Refer to the following links for UPSC Mains topics-wise questions and learn how to prepare for the forthcoming IAS exam:


Topic-Wise GS 1 Questions in UPSC MainsTopic-Wise GS 2 Questions for UPSC Mains
Topic-Wise GS 3 Questions for UPSC MainsTopic-Wise GS 4 Questions for UPSC Mains


Stage III: IAS Exam – UPSC Interview/Personality Test

Candidates who pass the Mains portion in IAS exam with the required cut-off marks. IAS test with necessary cut-off marks are eligible for the last stage of the IAS exam i.e. The Personality Test or the Interview Round together with UPSC Board members. Candidates who have passed to go through the final phase will be invited via email by the Commission to participate in a face-to face discussion session with board members. In this discussion the board will evaluate the character traits of the candidates. They are asked regarding their interests, current affairs general knowledge, emergency questions and more. to determine if they are qualified for a career in the civil service or not. To determine if they are suitable for a career in the civil service. UPSC personal test is to determine if applicants are suitable for the civil service. It will be conducted only at to determine if applicants are suitable for the UPSC Bhavan located in New Delhi.

IAS Exam Age Limit and Attempts

There are requirements for citizenship or age, age, number of attempts, and educational qualifications for candidates who wish to sit for IAS. IAS exam. For those who are applying for the general category it is required that the applicant be citizens of India as well as a PIO or possess graduated from a university, be between 21 and 32 and not have taken the IAS test more than six times. However, there are some exceptions as well as other requirements for the requirements above.

For further information about details on IAS Exam eligibility Please refer to the linked article.

IAS Exam Application Procedure

The process for applying to UPSC exams is available online. UPSC Admit cards are issued online. IAS exam hopefuls are required to take a look at on their UPSC Official Website. For more information, check out How to Apply online for IAS Exam 2022.

IAS Exam Preparation

Check out the following article for IAS exam strategies for preparation:

  1. Examining trends More current affairs-based exam questions will be asked at both the Mains and Prelims stages of the IAS exam. Choose only reliable sources such as PIB, The Hindu, Yojana and so on. and ensure that the current events are aligned with IAS exam syllabus. IAS examination syllabus. In the IAS exam it is common to include current news events of international and national importance that occurred in the last 10 to 12 months.
  2. Review the previous’ IAS exam questions to assess how much preparation is required at your end.
  3. Go through the NCERT books, and take notes. It is necessary to write at minimum two notes i.e. brief notes to prepare for Prelims and detailed notes in the case of UPSC Mains.
  4. It is essential to prepare to prepare for Prelims and Mains should be completed in parallel until about a month before when the Prelims exam. Find the areas of overlap in the syllabus in Prelims as well as Mains and concentrate on the areas that are most relevant to you first.
  5. Choose an optional subject to take the IAS test depending on your ability or interest, as well as the experience you have. Some optional subjects have substantial overlap to the General Studies syllabus in Mains but their syllabuses are extensive so you should be sure to do your research prior to selecting one.
  6. Explore the textbooks for every area. You can find the IAS exam books, Current Affairs notes, NCERT notes, and other details on the following links.
  7. Don’t take lightly the CSAT paper that is part of the Prelims and the Ethics exam in Mains. Additionally, the two required languages in Mains are crucial as failing to score at the least 25% on them can automatically exclude you from the IAS examination process, despite your outstanding performance in all other tests.
  8. Make time for MCQ solving practice to prepare for Prelims and write preparation for Mains.
  9. Revise your notes several times, make updates to your notes, then revise further.

List of UPSC Exams

All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • Central Services (Group A)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
  • Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
  • Indian Information Service (IIS)
  • Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  • Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
  • Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
  • Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS)[12][13]
  • Indian Railway Protection Force Service (IRPFS)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)
  • Indian Trade Service (ITrS)
  • Group B Services
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services (AFHCS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)
  • Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)
  • Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)